Hume's argument against the reliability of human testimony in part ii of of miracles, david hume argues that there has never been the kind of testimony on behalf of miracles which would amount to entire proof he offers four reasons for this claim. Campbell's book is perhaps the best-known of the replies to hume's attack on miracles to be issued in hume's lifetime, and it is historically important since campbell and hume actually corresponded briefly, through a mutual friend, regarding a manuscript of campbell's workwhile scholars have tended to stress campbell's view of. David hume saw miracles as violations of the laws of nature (how the universe works) incidences of miracles like the virgin birth is an example of an event which suggests that something happened which broke the laws of nature. 24 an extension of hume's argument to eyewitnesses of miracles so far we have only been discussing hume's argument against beliefs in miracles which are based on testimony by (people who claim to be) eyewitnesses. Designed for year 9 students to give them a balanced account of different views on miracles the cards include the views of the philosophers david hume, richard swinburne, keith ward and maurice wiles.
Commentary hume's attack on miracles comes again from approaching the subject from a naturalist, and not a metaphysical, viewpoint rather than inquire into the nature of miracles themselves, hume asks how our belief in miracles might have arisen. Since its publication in the mid-eighteenth century, hume's discussion of miracles has been the target of severe and often ill-tempered attacks in this book, one of our leading historians of philosophy offers a systematic response to these attacks. On hume's view, the judgments and recommendations of traditional morality arise not from reason, but from a moral sense as a straightforward matter of fact (discoverable by experience), virtue is always accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, and vice by a feeling of pain.
A miracle is a violation of the laws of nature and as a firm and unalterable experience has established these laws, the proof against a miracle, from the very nature of the fact, is as entire as any argument from experience can possibly be imagined. What was swinburne's response to hume's claim that miracles seem to happen in various religions swinburne notes that evidence of a miracle in one religion might challenge the other but evidence of a miracle in another religion would mean there was evidence of miracles in both religions, or one could be true, and the other false. David hume's dialogues concerning natural religion is most fruitful as a source of material on the cosmological argument and the teleological argumenthowever, it also contains an argument against the possibility of an a priori proof of god's existence. Hume argues that the probability of miracles actually happening is so low that is irrational and illogical to believe that miracles do occur hume is an empiricist, meaning that he emphasises experience and observations of the world as the way of learning new things. In the opening section (preparatory considerations) of a view to the evidences of christianity (1794), william paley offers a masterful response to david hume's argument against miracles.
An introduction to the argument from miracles, and hume's criticism that no evidence is sufficient to justify belief that a miracle has occurred. In response to this is has been pointed out that hume's concern is not with the factual question as to whether miracles have occurred or not, but with the epistemic question of whether it can be rational to believe miracle reports (see, eg, fogelin 2003. Sadly, earman is so bothered by some of hume's strong anti-miracle language that he fails to view these passages in the context of hume's most central claims before one gets overly taken with dr earman, i would suggest reading robert fogelin's a defense of hume on miracles, a short book that demolishes earman's claims about hume. You have free access to this content philosophy compass volume 2, issue 4, version of record online: 14 jun 2007. What hume actually said about miracles even in that case there is a mutual destruction of arguments, and the superior only gives us an assurance suitable to that degree of force, which remains, after deducting the inferior.
A-level (as and a2) religious studies revision looking at the philosophy of religion and the concept of miracles topcs include arguments for and against hume, plus modern thinkers such as cs lewis, john polkinghorne, anthony flew, richard swinburne and maurice wiles. Philosopher david hume's view on miracles summary we hope this summary of hume's view on miracles , and philosophy of religion has been stimulating and you continue to the next summary of the philosophical works of philosopher david hume. Abstract philosophers continue to debate about david hume's case against the rationality of belief in miracles this article clarifies semantic, epistemological, and metaphysical questions addressed in the controversy. The best defence against the suggestion that hume's use of the laws of nature is question-begging is the both-sides-need-the-laws' response in its variations efforts along these lines by antony flew, j l mackie, and more recently j c thornton are shown to fail hume intends to rule out miracles.