Russell's and strawson's theories of denoting, it will first be useful to briefly describe the basic principles of logical atomism in relation to russell's theory of denotation, and particularly what constitutes truth in such a. Logico-linguistic papers contains strawson's major essay, 'on referring', in which he disputed bertrand russell's theory of definite descriptions, distinguishing between referring to an entity and asserting its existence. Strawson's conception of the debate is that russell offered his theory of descriptions as a complete account of the role of definite descriptions in english, (such expressions as 'the queen of england') whereas the truth is that the role of the word 'the' when embedded in definite descriptions cannot be captured in a single account.
In an early article, entitled on referring, he launched an attack against bertrand russell's famed theory of definite descriptions russell had argued that propositions must be either true, false, or meaningless. Summary: according to russell's theory of descriptions, indefinite descriptions (eg an f) contribute only a bare existence claim to the truth-conditions of the sentences in which they appear, whereas definite descriptions (eg the f) contribute both existence and uniqueness claims. This series is a basic introduction to russell's theory of descriptions in this video, we begin by considering some puzzles about singular terms. The introduction to the theory of descriptions was written by bertrand russell in an article titled on denoting in 1905 and is one of the most studied chapters in analytic philosophy.
Russell's theory fails as a general account of definite descriptions in natural language since in so many cases (at least in many cases of referential use) the indefinite definite descriptions we actually utter are not elliptical for the uniquely denoting descriptions that russell's theory requires (247.
Strawson first became well known with his article on referring (1950), a criticism of bertrand russell's theory of descriptions (see also definite descriptions) that russell explained in the famous on denoting article (1905. Strawson, peter frederick (1919 -) peter frederick strawson, the british philosopher, was educated at christ's college, finchley, and st john's college, oxfordhe holds the ba and ma degrees and is a fellow of university college, oxford. Does strawson's critique of the theory of definite descriptions pose a problem to russell's anti-meinongianism - martin scheidegger - essay - philosophy - philosophy of the present - publish your bachelor's or master's thesis, dissertation, term paper or essay.
Definite descriptions: a reader begins with three of russell's own presentations of his theory, includes not only the classics by strawson, donnellan and kripke, but also well-chosen papers from carnap, grice, lambert, peacocke, soame and wettstein, and ends with pieces by neale and schiffer that take the reader to the leading edge of current. In general, strawson's arguments are not enough to demolish russell's theory of definite descriptions and the main reason for this is the former's failure to adopt the more/most charitable interpretation of the latter's theory. Bertrand russell's theory of descriptions (rtd) can be appreciated against the background of russell's view about the connections between language and the world, although this view is not itself a part of the theory.
Database of free philosophy essays - we have thousands of free essays across a wide range of subject areas sample philosophy essays. An explication of bertrand russell's solutions to the puzzles of the bald king of france and the problem of negative existentials through the use of his theory of definite descriptions. The theory of descriptions is the philosopher bertrand russell's most significant contribution to the philosophy of languageit is also known as russell's theory of descriptions (commonly abbreviated as rtd.